Web programming is the process of creating dynamic and
interactive web applications using a variety of programming languages, frameworks, and technologies
The goal of web programming is to create web pages and applications that are interactive, user-friendly, and easily accessible from anywhere in the world.
There are many different programming languages and technologies used for web programming, but some of the most popular include-
HyperText Markup Language is the standard markup language for creating web pages. It provides a way to structure the content of a web page, including text, images, and links.
Cascading Style Sheets is a stylesheet language used to control the look and layout of a web page. CSS allows developers to separate the presentation of a web page from its content, making it easier to maintain and update the look of the site.
A high-level, dynamic, and interpreted programming language that is used to add interactivity and dynamic behavior to web pages.
A server-side scripting language used to create dynamic web pages. PHP is often used in combination with databases, such as MySQL, to create dynamic, data-driven web applications.
- Ruby on Rails: A web application framework written in the Ruby programming language that is designed to make it easier to create web applications.
In this article, we’ll explore some examples of web programming using a few different technologies.
HTML and CSS
HTML and CSS are the foundation of all web pages and are used to structure and style the content of a web page.
Here’s an example of a simple HTML page
And here’s an example of a simple CSS stylesheet:
By combining HTML and CSS, you can create web pages that are both functional and visually appealing.
In this example, we’ve added a button to our web page, and when the button is clicked, an alert message will be displayed.
PHP is a server-side scripting language that is used to create dynamic web pages and applications. When a user requests a web page created with PHP, the server executes the PHP code and returns the generated HTML to the user’s browser.
Here’s an example of a simple PHP script
In this example, the PHP code <?php echo date(“F j, Y”); ?> will be executed on the server and the result, the current date, will be displayed on the web page.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is a web application framework written in the Ruby programming language that is designed to make it easier to create web applications. Rails uses the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture pattern, which separates the application into three parts: the model, which represents the data and business logic of the application; the view, which is responsible for the presentation of the data; and the controller, which receives user input and decides how to handle it.
Here’s an example of a simple Ruby on Rails application
In this example, we’ve defined a single route for the root URL of our application, which will be handled by the index action in the WelcomeController. The index action will render the index.html.erb view, which contains the HTML for our web page.
These are just a few examples of the many technologies and programming languages used for web programming. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the best choice for a particular project will depend on the requirements of the project and the preferences of the developers.
there’s sure to be a technology or programming language that’s a good fit for your needs.